Q. 1. Can you tell me, what is the "Feeneyism" heresy? I never heard of it before.
A. 1. The heresy of "Feeneyism" is the strick interpretation of the Doctrice "Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus," which means that "outside the catholic Church, there is no salvation." It is a rejection of the Church teaching that those who die for the sake of the faith without having been baptised, are considered baptised by their death for and with Christ. This Baptism of blood, like the desire for Baptism, brings about the fruits of Baptism without being a sacrament.
"Feeneyism" originated with Fr. Leonard Feeney (1897–1978) who was a Jesuit priest and the founder of the Slaves of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
In 1949, the Jesuit Order dismissed Fr. Feeney because of his disobedience. On February 4, 1953, being unmoved by repeated warnings, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith excommunicated him "on account of grave disobedience to the Church Authority. In 1972, Fr. Feeney was reconciled to the Catholic Church.