Q. 1. What is the "Montanism" heresy?
A. 1. Montanism was named after its founder Montanus. This heresy originated at Hierapolis and quickly spread to other regions in the Roman Empire during the period before Christianity was generally tolerated or legal.
Parallels have been drawn between Montanism and modern-day movements such as Pentecostalism, the charismatic movement, and the New Apostolic Reformation.
The beliefs of Montanism contrasted with orthodox Christianity in the following ways:
- The belief that the prophecies of the Montanists superseded and fulfilled the doctrines proclaimed by the Apostles.
- The encouragement of ecstatic prophesying.
- The view that Christians who fell from grace could not be redeemed.
- A stronger emphasis on the avoidance of sin and church discipline, emphasizing chastity, including forbidding remarriage.
- Some of the Montanists were also "Quartodeciman".
The churches of Asia Minor excommunicated Montanism Around 177 A.D. Apollinarius, the Bishop of Hierapolis, presided over a synod which condemned the New Prophecy. The leaders of the churches of Lyon and Vienne in Gaul responded to the New Prophecy in 177 A.D. Although the orthodox mainstream Christian church prevailed against Montanism within a few generations, labelling it a heresy, the sect persisted in some isolated places into the 8th century.