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Frequently Asked Questions

Q. 1. What can you tell me about the gnostic heresy of Valentianism?

A. 1. The gnostic heresy of Valentianism was a dualistic sect. Founded by an ex-Catholic Bishop by the name of Valentius, he taught that there were three kinds of people, the spiritual, the psychical, and the material. This meant that only those of a spiritual nature (his followers) received the gnosis (knowledge) that allowed them to return to the divine Pleroma (totality of Divine Power). Those of a psychic nature (the ordinary Christians) would attain a lesser form of salvation, and that those of a material nature (the pagans and the Jews) were doomed to perish.

Valentinus (also spelled as Valentinius, c.100 c.160) was the best known and most successful early Christian gnostic theologian for some time. He founded his school in Rome. Based on the writings of Tertullian, Valentinus was a candidate for bishop of Rome. When another Bishop was chosen, Valentinus started his own group.

Valentinus was condemned by Irenaeus and Epiphanius of Salamis.

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