Q. 1. What is the position of the Catholic Church on the matter of evolution?
A. 1. The Catholic Church does not have an official position regarding when or how God created the heavens, the earth, the animals, the birds or humans. No matter how creation took place, such must be attributed to God, that all was done in accordance with His Divine Plan.
Proof that God created all that exist is recorded in the Holy Bible: "By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all their host by the breath of his mouth." [Psalm 33:6]
Because scientific evidence shows that thousands or millions of years separate the time of the dinosaurs from the time of man's beginning, this does not mean that the biblical seven days of creation are an error. To God, "a day is a thousand year", meaning "an indefinite amount of time." In the Bible, the term "a thousand year" means un undetermined long period of time, possibly a thousand years or maybe a million years.
"But do not ignore this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day." [2 Peter 3:8]
What we know for sure is that when God created the animals, he did not take one such as a monkey and turn it into a human being. The human race was created a long time after the creation of the animals.
The existence of man did not originate as a result of a lightning striking a molecule in water. Man was created by God independently from the rest of creation.
While evolution may apply to some of the beasts that were created, such reasoning cannot be applied to man. The reason for this is because God created man in His own image [Gen. 1:27] and God is unchanging. He did not resemble a monkey a million years ago, having change to what humankind looks like today. " For I the Lord do not change;" [Mal. 3:6] "But you (God) are the same, and your years have no end." [Ps. 102:27]