Q. 1. What is the Catholic interpretation of the term "abomination of desolation" that is found in the Bible.
A. 1. The "abomination of desolation" is mentioned in the Old Testament as an apocalyptic vision in the Book of Daniel 9:27, 11:31, 12:11 and in 1 Maccabees 1:54 and 6:7. It is mentioned in the New Testament in Matthew 24:15-16, Mark 13:14 and Luke 21:20-21.
Luke 21:20-21 clearly explains the meaning of the "abomination of desolation," "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the town depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it." This event, the destruction of the Temple Jerusalem took place in 70 A.D.
While many Protestant predict this event is yet to come, Jesus has proclaimed that it would take place in His time. He said, "From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts forth its leaves, you know that summer is near. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates. Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away." [Mt. 24:32-35]