Q. 1. What is the purpose of the Papal conclave?
A. 1. A papal conclave is a meeting of the College of Cardinals that is convened to elect a new Bishop of Rome, also known as the Pope.
The pope is the apostolic successor of Saint Peter and the head of the Roman Catholic Church on earth.
The Cardinal electors (those who are entitled to vote, being under the age of 80) are locked in seclusion until such time as a new Pope has been chosen.
Conclaves are held in the Sistine Chapel of the Apostolic Palace.
The Papal conclave is not dismissed until such time as two third of the Cardinals have voted in favour of a certain Cardinal as the new pope, and that Cardinal has accepted the elected position of Pope.