Q. 1. Can you tell me, was Jesus born on December 25 th which is when we celebrate his birth on Christmas Day?
A. 1. A short answer to that question is "No!" Jesus was not born on December 25 th or Christmas Day.
The first records to show that Christmas was celebrated on December 25 th are references to Pope Liberius, from 352 to 366 A.D. In 379 A.D., St. Gregory Nazianzus preached a Christmas sermon in Constantinople. In the Cathedral of Milan, St. Ambrose (d. 397) celebrated Christmas. Accordingly, it can be said that by the year 400 A.D., the birth of Jesus was commonly practiced on December 25 th in most countries (Except Palestine on Jan. 6 th).
Why was the date of December 25 th chosen? It was because in the early days of the Catholic Church, the Roman pagans commemorated the "Birth of the Unconquered Sun" on December 25 th. In an attempt to put an end to the pagan worship of the "Birth of the Unconquered Sun," the Church chose December 25 th to commemorate the Birth of Christ, known in those days as the "Sun of Justice," to celebrate He who is the Lord of creation and the light that came into the world to dispel sin and darkness. That is the origin of December 25 th as Christmas Day.
No one knows the exact date, the year, month and day, as to when Jesus was born.