Q. 1. What is the teachings of the Catholic Church regarding private revelations? Are we obligated to believe them?
A. 1. According to # 10 of the Compendium of the Catholic Church, "While not belonging to the deposit of faith, private revelations may help a person to live the faith as long as they lead us to Christ. The Magisterium of the Church, which has the duty of evaluating such private revelations, cannot accept those which claim to surpass or correct that definitive Revelation which is Christ."
In other words:
• The "Deposit of faith" is defined as following:
• The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, handed on in the Church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed.
• The body of revealed truth in the Scriptures and tradition taught by the Roman Catholic Church for the belief of the faithful.
• Private revelations do not belong to the "Deposit of faith."
• While private revelations may help one in spiritual growth (faith) as long as it leads to Christ (not only to the saints or angels), Catholics are not required to believe in them.
• The Magisterium of the Catholic Church has the final word in the evaluation of private revelations. The order of evaluation usually occurs as follows: (1) priest, (2) Bishop, (3) Magisterium.
• The Magisterium cannot accept private revelations that surpass or correct the teachings of Jesus Christ. An example is Mohammed (Islam) claiming to be greater than Jesus Christ who is the Son of God.