Q. 1. What can you tell me about the Shroud of Turin?
A. 1. The Shroud of Turin, also known as the "Holy Shroud", is believed to be the burial cloth of Jesus. It is called the "Shroud of Turin" because it has been kept in the royal chapel of the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, Italy 1578. The origin of the Shroud can be traced to France during the 14th century.
The interest in the shroud of Turin was renewed in 1898 because of photographs that were taken of the relic. At that time, it was discovered that the image of the Shroud was a photographic negative. Since then, it has become one of the most venerated, remarkable and mysterious studied artifacat in the world. No one has been able to explain how such an image has been made. The details found on the Shroud are remarkably consistent with the Biblical accounts of Christ's crucifixion. Historians, pathologists, linguists, biblical scholars, textile experts, chemists, physicists, photographic specialists, artists, botanists, microbiologists and other scientists from around the world have been trying to answer these important questions for decades.
The Shroud of Turin, a rectangular piece of linen cloth that measures about 4.4 x 1.1 meter, bears the image of a naked man with his hands folded across his groin, who appears to have been crucified. While some believe that the image on the burial cloth is of Jesus, His glorious resurrection having been recorded on the fibers, others maintain it is a medieval forgery.
Although contradictory information is found on the internet, the Shroud of Turin has been declared a forgery by both, the Roman Catholic Church and prominent scientists. In 1389 the Bishop of Troyes denounced the Shroud, claiming an artist had confessed to forging it. In 1988, after three different laboratories Carbon-14 dated the Shroud and found it to be some 1200 years younger than it should have been, the Roman Catholic Church announced to the world the results of the test.
Having said that, based on additional research, some have argued that the Shroud's carbon dating was compromised by a failure to recognize that new material had been added during a unique mending process undertaken in the Middle Ages.
It can also be said that the "Man of the Shroud" has a beard, moustache, and shoulder-length hair parted in the middle. He is well proportioned and muscular, and quite tall (5'7" or 1.75 m) for a man of the first century (the time of Jesus' death) or the Middle Ages (the proposed time of possible forgery). Dark red stains, either blood or a substance meant to be perceived as blood, are found on the cloth, showing various wounds:
- at least one wrist bears a large round wound, apparently from piercing (The second wrist is hidden by the folding of the hands).
- in the side, again apparently from piercing.
- small wounds around the forehead.
- scores of linear wounds on the torso and legs, apparently from scourging.