Q. 1. What is the teaching of the Catholic Church regarding Baptism by immersion? Is it now allowed? I noticed in our Church on a Sunday during the celebration of the Holy Mass, there were 6 baptisms, 3 by sprinkling and 3 by immersion.
A. 1. Since 1311 A.D., the practice of the Catholic Church has been to baptise by sprinkling. I quote "Baptism and Sacramental Economy", An Agreed Statement of The North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation, St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary, Crestwood, New York, June 3, 1999, Part B. Baptism within the Rites of Initiation:
"2. The Method of Baptism: In ancient times, and in the contemporary Orthodox Church, baptism is administered as a threefold immersion in water hallowed by prayer and oil, while the baptizing minister invokes the Holy Trinity. In the Roman rite of the Catholic Church since the later Middle Ages, baptism has usually been administered by the infusion or pouring of water sanctified by prayer and the sign of the Cross, accompanied by the Trinitarian invocation. In past centuries and even today, some Orthodox have protested against infusion as being an invalid form of baptism, basing their protest on the mandate of baptismal immersion implied in such Biblical passages as Rom. 6:4 ("We were buried with [Christ] by baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead, we too might walk in newness of life") . This criticism, however, should be measured against the following considerations: a) "immersion" in the ancient church did not always mean total submersion--archaeological research indicates that many ancient baptismal pools were far too shallow for total submersion; b) the Orthodox Church itself can and does recognize baptism by infusion as valid in cases of emergency; c) for most of the past millennium, the Orthodox Church has in fact recognized Catholic baptism as valid."
In this modern age where many priest implement their own whims versus obedience to the teachings of the Catholic Church, they are administering baptism by immersion without authorization. Their Orthodoxy is based on their personal interpretation of the Holy Bible versus what the Catholic Church binds on earth, such being bound in Heaven. By their actions, they join the number of the renegades who are protestanizing the Catholic Church.
In conclusion, the teachings of the Catholic Church HAVE NOT CHANGED regarding baptism by sprinkling.
Those who are and wish to remain faithful to the teachings of the Catholic Church, they should accept no other baptism than by sprinkling.
If someone, clergy or layperson, insist otherwise, that person should be asked, "What is your hang up? Do you have an attraction to naked babies? Are you a pedophile?" It is common knowledge that pedophiles have no age restriction. They have been known to sexually abuse babies. Protect your child; demand baptism by sprinkling!