Q. 1. What is the Catholic Church's teaching regarding the gender of the Holy Spirit? Do we refer to the Holy Spirit as he, she or it?
A. 1. The Catholic Church teaches that there are Three Persons in the Holy Trinity, the Father, the Son and The Holy Spirit. Accordingly, the Holy Spirit, being a Person, cannot be referred to as "it." Considering the facts that a spirit is genderless and that the Father is neither male, nor female (C.C.C. # 370) as the Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches, the Catholic Church has always referred to the Holy Spirit as He, being of the same gender as the Lord Jesus. This may be to echo the fact that the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus Who is male.
To refer to the Holy Spirit as "it" is to debase the Holy Spirit, lower than every life form that has been created. For animals, birds, fish, insects, trees, flowers and even the grass possesses life. There is no life whatsoever in "it." Unfortunately, many Catholics, including members of the clergy, continue to refer to the Holy Spirit as "it" in their writings. Not only does this oppose the teachings of the Catholic Church on the matter, is is plain rude.