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Back to Freqently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions
about
RITES IN COMMUNION
WITH ROME
Q. Which Rites are in communion with the Catholic Church of Rome?

A. The following were identified as being in communion as of year 2000:

Faithful served: ALBANIANS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1701.
Located in: Albania, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Greek, Albanian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: ANGLICAN COMMUNION, Previously of the
Apostolic Constitution: Anglicanorum Coetibus
Proclamation: November 4, 2009.
Located in: Worldwide.
Liturgical language: of the Anglican Communion.

Faithful served: AMBROSIAN RITE
Consolitated: 4 th Century through St. Ambrose
Located in: Rite of the Archbiocese of Milan, Italy.

Faithful served: ARMENIAN RITE OF SIS (CILICIA)
Separated: 525.
Reunited: 1742.
Located in: Near East, Africa, Parts of Europe, Soviet Union, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Classical Armenian.
Under the: Armenian Patriarch of Cilicia.
Note: While many Armenians returned to the Church during the Crusades, most of the Armenians in the world have sided with the Monophysites and are members of the Orthodox Church. These are NOT in communion with Rome.

Faithful served: BELARUSSIANS/BYELORUSSIANS
Reunited: 17 th Century.

Faithful served: BRAGAN RITE
Originated: 12 th Century or earlier
Located in: Rite of the Archbiocese of Braga, the Primal See of Portual.

Faithful served: BULGARIANS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1860.
Located in: Balkans to Bulgaria, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Old Slavonic with Bulgarian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: BYZANTINE RITE
See: Albanians; Belarussians/Byelorussians; Bulgarians; Czechs; Krizevcis; Greeks; Hungarians; Italo-Albanians: Melkites; Romanians; Ruthenians; Slovaks; Ukrainians.

Faithful served: CARMELITE RITE
Founded: by St. Berthold in 1154.
Liturgical language: Rite of the Order of Carmel.

Faithful served: CARPATHO-RUTHENIANS
Separated: 1054
Reunited: 1600.
Located in: Balkans to Poland, Czechoslovakia, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Old Church Slavonic, Ruthenian, English.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: CARTHUSIAN RITE
Founded: by St. Bruno in 1084.
Liturgical language: Rite of the Carthusian.

Faithful served: CHALDEANS
Separated: 431.
Reunited: 1551 (Or 1692?).
Located in: Middle East, Indian, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Syriac, Arabic.
Under the: Chaldean Patriarch of Babylon.

Faithful served: COPTS
Separated: 451.
Reunited: 1741.
Located in: Egypt, Palestine (Jerusalem).
Liturgical language: Coptic, Arabic.
Under the: Coptic Patriarch of Alexandria.
Note: Most Copts/Coptics in the world are not Catholics. They have their own pope in Alexandria.

Faithful served: CZECHS
Reunited: Organized into a jurisdiction in 1996.

Faithful served: DOMINICAN RITE
Founded: by St. Dominic in 1215.
Liturgical language: Rite of the Order of Friars Preacher (OP).

Faithful served: ETHIOPIANS/ABYSSINIAN
Separated: 550.
Reunited: 1839 (1846?).
Located in: Ethiopia, Palestine (Jerusalem), the Americas.
Liturgical language: Ge'ez.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: GEORGIANS
Separated: 13 th Century.
Reunited: 1920 (?).
Located in: Georgia, S.S.R.
Liturgical language: Georgian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: GREEKS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1860.
Located in: Greece, Turkey, Near East, Africa, the Americas.
Liturgical language: "Greek of the Fathers."
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: HUNGARIANS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1652.
Located in: Balkans to Hungary, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Magyar.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: ITALO-ALBANIANS
Separated: Never separated.
Reunited: Never separated.
Located in: South Italy, Sicily, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Greek, Italian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: ITALO-GREEKS
Separated: Never separated.
Reunited: Never separated.
Located in: South Italy, Sicily, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Greek, Italian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: KRIZEVCIS
Reunited: 1611.
Note: Most Croatians Catholics are of the Roman Rite.

Faithful served:MALABARESES
Separated: 1653 (Date contested by scholars.)
Reunited: 1662.
Located in: India.
Liturgical language: Syriac.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: MALANKARESES
Separated: 1663.
Reunited: 1930.
Located in: India.
Liturgical language: Syriac, Malayalam.
Under the: Malankarese Metropolitna of Trivandrum.

Faithful served: MARONITES
Separated: Never separated from Rome.
Reunited: Never separated from Rome.
Located in: Near East, Africa, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Syriac, Arabic.
Under the: Maronite Patriarch of Antioch.

Faithful served: MELKITES
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1724.
Located in: Near East, Africa, the Americas, Australia.
Liturgical language: Greek with Arabic (parts in English, Spanish & Portuguese).
Under the: Melkite Patriarch of Antioch and all the East, of Alexandria, and Jerusalem.

Faithful served: MOZARABIC RITE
Existed since: 6 th Century, roots most likely from original evangelization.
Located in: Confined to the Iberian Peninsula, specifically the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Toledo, Spain and 6 of its parishes. Celebration generally semi-private.
Liturgical language: Roman Rite since 11 th Century.

Faithful served: ROMAN RITE
Instituted: Mother Church Founded by St. Peter in 42 A.D.
Located in: Worldwide.
Liturgical language: Greek to 3 rd Century, followed by Latin, then Languages of the country.
Under the: Pope in Vatican City.

Faithful served: ROMANIANS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1701 (1697?).
Located in: Romania, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Romanian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.
Note: Most Romanian Christians are Romanian Orthodox.

Faithful served: RUSSIANS
Separated: 13 th Century.
Reunited: 1905.
Located in: The Russias, the Americas, the Far East.
Liturgical language: Old Church Slavonic.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Note: Most Russian Christians are Russian Orthodox.

Faithful served: RUTHENIANS
Separated: 1054
Reunited: 1595 (Brest-Litovsk) and 1646 (Uzhorod).
Located in: Russia, Hungary and Croatia.

Faithful served: SLOVAKS
Note: Byzantine Rite Catholics of Slovakian origin who are in Slovakia and Canada.

Faithful served: SYRIANS
Separated: 451 A.D.
Reunited: 1656 A.D.
Located in: Near East, Africa, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Syriac, Arabic.
Under the: Syrian Patriarch of Antioch.

Faithful served: SYRO-MALABARESE
Separated: 431 A.D.
Reunited: 16 th Century.
Located in: South India.
Liturgical language: East Syriac Liturgy.
Under: Rome.

Faithful served:UKRAINIANS
Separated: 1054.
Reunited: 1652.
Located in: Ukraine, the Soviet Union, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Old Church Slavonic with English, Ukrainian.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Faithful served: YUGOSLAVS/SERVIANS
Separated: 1261.
Reunited: 1611.
Located in: Balkans to Yugoslavia, the Americas.
Liturgical language: Old Church Slavonic with Croat.
Under the: Sacred Oriental Congregation in Rome.

Source: Courtesy of EWTN; Catholic Information Network.




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