Frequently Asked Questions
THE HOLY SPIRIT
THE HUMAN SPIRIT
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Q. What is the difference between the Holy Spirit and the human spirit?
A. The Holy Spirit is God! He is the Spirit of God. [Gen. 41:38; Mt. 3:16; Rom. 8;9; 1 Cor. 2:11; Eph. 4:30; 1 Pet. 4:14; and 1 Jn. 4:2.] He is the Spirit of the Living God. [2 Cor. 3:3] He is the Spirit of the Father. [Mt. 10:20] He is the Spirit of the Lord. [Is. 61:1; Lk. 4:18; Acts 8:39; 2 Cor. 3:17, 8] He is the Spirit of God's Son. [Gal. 4:6] He is the Spirit of Christ. [Rom. 8:9; 1 Pet. 1:11] And He is the Spirit of Jesus Christ. [Phil. 1:19] (Catechism of the Catholic Church # 693)
The human spirit is the spirit of man! The Holy Bible has a large number of references to the human spirit. [Job 32:8; Prov. 18:14, 20:27; Ecc. 3:21, 12:7; Ezek. 11:19-20, 18:31, 36:26-7; Zech. 12:1; Mt. 26:41; Mk. 14:38; Lk. 1:46-7, 8:55; Jn. 3:5-6, 4:23-4, 6:63; Rom. 1:9, 8:5, 8:15-6; 1 Cor. 2:11-2; Gal. 6:18; Eph. 1:17; 1 Thess. 5:23; 2 Tim. 1:7; Heb. 12:9; Jas. 2:26]
The nature of the Holy Spirit is Divine (as God) and spiritual (of the spiritual world). He is eternal, uncreated, always has been and always will be.
The nature of the human spirit varies, depending if it is the first human spirit received at conception or the newly created human spirit received during the Sacrament of Baptism.
The first human spirit is sinful in nature and it shall endure death alongside its soul and physical body.
The human spirit that is created during the Sacrament of Baptism is holy in nature, cannot die, nor sin, [1 Jn. 3:9, 5:18] and it sustain the life of the soul after the physical death of the body.
The Holy Spirit is a separate Divine Presence of the Blessed Trinity. As Jesus had life in Himself apart from the Father [Jn. 5:16], the Holy Spirit also has life in Himself apart from the Father. As Jesus had a mind of His own in His physical body, the Holy Spirit has a mind of His own in His spiritual form.
The newly created human spirit of the godly seed [1 Jn. 3:9; 5:18] also has a separate life in itself, that being why it cannot die. As the physical body of man has a sinful mind, it also has a spiritual mind that belongs to his human spirit. Man is double- minded. [Jas. 1:8, 4:8] The newly created mind (heart) [Eze. 11:19, 36:26] always conflicts with his mind of the sinful nature. That is why St. Paul said, "I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate." [Rom. 7:15, 19]
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Q. If our newly created human spirit is of the godly seed, do we not become holy spirits?
A. As previously said, the Holy Spirit is eternal while the human spirit is created. As such, there is no equal between the two.
If one is born of the seed of his earthly father, does that make him his earthly father? No! It makes him of the seed of his father.
Being created of the seed of God the Father by the power of the Holy Spirit in the Most Holy Name of Jesus, the human spirit that is received during the Sacrament of Baptism has the holy nature of God so it can worship the Father in spirit. As Jesus said, "But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him." [Jn. 4:23] The sinless human spirit of man worship God; the Holy Spirit does not worship God for He is God.
Consider the Immaculate Heart of Mary. She is called the Immaculate Conception because her conception was immaculate. She was born without any trace of sin. As the New Eve, she was conceived immaculate in soul, spirit and body. The fullness of her being was immaculate. The newly created human spirit that we receive during the Sacrament of Baptism, the Immaculate Heart of Mary already enjoyed at her conception. Being equal to the first Eve before she sinned, does this make the immaculate human spirit of the Immaculate Heart of Mary equal to the Holy Spirit? No, it does not! For she was conceived when the Holy Spirit came upon her. [Lk. 1:35] The Holy Spirit was the source of her immaculate state, her holiness. As such, she cannot be equal to the Holy Spirit.
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Q. Having received a newly created human spirit of the godly seed during the Sacrament of Baptism, this implying that we have a holy spirit, are we not called to become gods?
A. Some people have been led to believe that we are gods based on two Bible passages that say:
"Jesus answered, 'Is it not written in your law, 'I said, you are gods'? [Jn. 10:34] "I say, 'You are gods, children of the most High, all of you; nevertheless, you shall die like mortals, and fall like any prince.'" [Ps. 82:6]
When you compare these two Bible passages, it is noted that Jesus only quoted a part of Psalm 82:6, leaving out "children of the most High." Jesus did not do this to deceive those who were present but rather to find out if they could explain the passage. If the listeners had understood the Scriptures, they would have answered, "as children of the most High, created holy as God is holy, they become as gods."
Through the inheritance of our adoption as children of God, we become as gods. But we are not and have never been eternal gods. As a beggar can be raised to the title of King through adoption and his inheritance, man can be raised to the title of gods through adoption and his inheritance. Nevertheless, there is a distinct difference between the eternal God and the godliness of the created man that is achieved by the grace of God the Father and the purifying power of the Holy Spirit in the Most Holy Name of Jesus. While man may become as gods through adoption, he is not of the genus of God. There is only One God! Man is called to be of the genus of the "children of God." As created children of God, they are like gods, holy in nature, but not the eternal God!