Q. 1. When contraception is involved in a family, how many parties are guilty of the sin, one person or both parties in the marriage?
A. 1. As a general rule, when contraception is used, it normally implies a consensual act. This means that both spouses would be morally implicated.
At the same time, if one spouse sexually forces himself on the other and uses contraception in the process, the forced-upon spouse would not sin.
Spouse(s) who are guilty of using contraception are required to refrain from receiving Holy Communion as they are not in a state of grace as per the teachings of the Catholic Church.
If a spouse feels that there are mitigating circumstances, he/she should consult a priest in the confessional in order the determine if such applies and how it would, if applicable, diminish the guilt of the person.