Q. 1. In the New Testament, there is ongoing reference to "salvation" and "being saved." How does the Catholic Church define the meaning of "salvation" in these cases?
A. 1. There are two expressions in the New Testament that refers to "salvation" and "being saved." The noun "soterion" means "deliverance, preservation and salvation." The verb "sozo" means "to save."
The above words "salvation" and "to save" falls in three categories. They are:
The word "salvation" literally means Jesus Christ the Saviour through Who we are saved because of His act of salvation.
Reference: Lk. 2:28, 30-31:
"He (Simeon) took him into his arms and blessed God, saying: ... for my eyes have seen your salvation, which you prepared in sight of all the peoples."
The second meaning of the words "salvation" and "being saved," echo God's power to deliver us from the bondage of sin.
Reference: 1 Cor. 15:2 and Heb. 7:25:
"Through it [the Gospel] you are also being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you, unless you believed in vain."
"Therefore, he (Jesus) is always able to save those who approach God through him, since he lives forever to make intercession for them."
The third meaning refers to the future deliverance of believers at the Second Coming of Christ. This salvation is the object of the confident hope of the saints.
Reference: Rom. 5:9 and Rom. 13:11.
"How much more then, since we are now justified by his blood, will we be saved through him from the wrath."
"And do this because you know the time; it is the hour now for you to awake from sleep. For our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed."