Q. 1. What does "paterska" mean?
A. 1. Pasterka is a Midnight mass celebrated during Christmas between the 24 and 25 of December by Roman Catholics across Poland. A close translation of the name would be the "Shepherds' Mass" (literally: the shepherdess in Polish), in reference to the Biblical shepherds, who were visited by an angel and told of the birth of Christ. During the Pasterka mass, Polish people sing traditional Christmas carols (koledy, from the Roman calendae) in the spirit of joy.
It can be held more than once on December 24th, in more than one location by the parish priest; at the church and at a nearby chapel. Often, there are two (or even three) Pasterkas celebrated next to each other – earlier ones for the families with children, then at 9 and 10 p.m. for the youth, and a final one at 12:00 midnight, for the adults.