Q. 1. What are moral virtues?
A. 1. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, "moral virtues," also known as "human virtues," are:
1804 "Human virtues are firm attitudes, stable dispositions, habitual perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith. They make possible ease, self-mastery, and joy in leading a morally good life. The virtuous man is he who freely practices the good."
"The moral virtues are acquired by human effort. They are the fruit and seed of morally good acts; they dispose all the powers of the human being for communion with divine love."
Other moral virtues are:
- Filial piety and patriotism, which help us love, honor and respect our parents and nation;
- Obedience, which helps us obey our parents and all authorities who represent God;
- Truthfulness, which helps us always tell the truth;
- Liberality, which helps us use rightly the goods of this world;
- Patience, which helps us to face trials and difficulties with calmness;
- Humility, which helps us to know ourselves and be grateful for whatever is good in us;
- Chastity, or purity, which helps us to be pure in mind, heart and body.
There are many other moral virtues besides these.