Q. 1. How does the Catholic Church define human freedom?
A. 1. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, human freedom is defined as follows:
# 1730 "God created man a rational being, conferring on him the dignity of a person who can initiate and control his own actions. 'God willed that man should be 'left in the hand of his own counsel,' so that he might of his own accord seek his Creator and freely attain his full and blessed perfection by cleaving to him." [GS 17; Sir 15:14.]
"Man is rational and therefore like God; he is created with free will and is master over his acts." [St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 4, 4, 3: PG 7/1, 983.]
# 1731 "Freedom is the power, rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act, to do this or that, and so to perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility. By free will one shapes one's own life. Human freedom is a force for growth and maturity in truth and goodness; it attains its perfection when directed toward God, our beatitude."
In short, human freedom is our ability 'to initiate and control' our own actions. It is us who choose to do or not to do each action and we are responsible for what we have chosen.
"He created humanity at the beginning, and he left them to the power of their choices. If you choose to, you will keep the commandments, and keep faith out of goodwill." [Sir 15:14–15].